Terminology and Concepts
Renewable Material: the materials coming from resources that are not depleted by use, because they return to their original state or they regenerate to a higher rate than the rate at which resources are diminished by their use. Examples: forest, water, wind ...
Sustainable packaging: packaging where amount of material used has been optimized to the degree technically possible without sacrificing the customer requirements. The packaging is manufactured in a way that it minimizes the negative environmental impact and adheres to social expectations stated in laws and behavioral "norms" throughout its life-cycle.
Biodegrading: the breakdown of a material by micro organisms into invisible pieces, but material does not in all cases turn to soil. In the presence of oxygen, the material converts to carbon dioxide, water, mineral salts and new biomass. In the absence of oxygen, the product converts to carbon dioxide, methane, mineral salts and new biomass.
Composting: the biodegradation and disintegration of material in a controlled composting system under standard conditions, material turning to soil. EN 13432 defines the extent of biodegradation that must occur over a specific time interval and the amount of disintegration required for the material to be designated compostable. In addition to this, the material must not have negative effects on the composting process and must not exceed the maximum acceptable levels of heavy metals, toxic and hazardous substances stated in the European norm EN 13432.
Recyclable Packaging: packaging that after being subjected to physico-chemical or mechanical process (subject a material or a product used to a total treatment cycle or a partial one), is converted in raw material or a new product.
Recycled Packaging: products produced with raw materials original fromother waste products generated after use or during the manufacturing process, introducing them back into the cycle of life.
PEFC (Programme for the Endorsementof ForestCertification): An international non-profit, non-governmental organization dedicated to promoting sustainable forest managementto achieve a social, economic and environmental balance. The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification is the certification system of choice for small forest owners (www.pefc.org). PEFC certified forests meet strict requirements agreed in international processes (Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests, Forum of United Nations Forests, FAO Committee on Forestry, etc.)
Forestry Stewardship Council (FSC): an international not-for-profit membership-based organization that brings people together to find solutions to the problems created by bad forestry practices and to reward good forest management (www.fsc.org).
LCA - Life Cycle Analysis: LCA is a tool to assess the environmental impact of a product, process or activity throughout its life cycle, the quantification of resource use and environmental emissions associated with the system are being evaluated.
PET: Polyethylene terephthalate. Polycondensation polymer of ethylene glycol with terephthalic acid. These unsaturated polyesters are mainly used to manufacture synthetic fibers: bottles, jars and other containers for liquids.
PLA: Polylactic Acid. PLA is a biodegradable and compostable polymer based on natural and renewable resources: corn starch or sugar cane.
rPET: recycled PET from the classification made in user's homes, raw material mainly used for water bottles.